Ushguli - Svaneti

Ushguli - Svaneti

Ushguli is a historic community, situated in the extreme east of the upper Svaneti. It is built at the altitude of 2200 meters from the sea level and is considered to be one of the highest settlements in Europe.
In the past there was a residence of the Svanian princes (The Eristavis- head of the nation). When the united. There are remains of the one of the big fortresses in Svaneti connected with the name of Queen Tamar (12th-13th centuries), as the residential, economic and cult buildings, among them 37 towers , in Ushguli. At present Ushguli is declared a preserve.


Tetnuldi - Svaneti

Tetnuldi - Svaneti

Tetnuldi is a prominent peak in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range. According to most sources, Tetnuldi is the 10th highest peak of the Caucasus. The slopes of the mountain are glaciated generally above the 3,000 metre (9,840 ft) line. The most prominent glacier of the mountain is called Adishi.


Shkhara - Svaneti

Shkhara - Svaneti

Shkhara is the high point and the eastern anchor of a massif known as the Bezingi (or Bezengi) Wall, a 12 kilometres (7 mi) long ridge. It is a large, steep peak in a heavily glaciated region, and presents serious challenges to mountaineers. The significant sub summit Shkhara West, 5,068 m (16,627 ft), is a climbing objective in its own right, and a traverse of the entire Bezingi Wall is considered "Europe's longest, most arduous, and most committing expedition.
The peak was first climbed in 1888 via the North East Ridge route, by the British/Swiss team of U.Almer, J. Cockin and C. Roth. This route is still one of the easier and more popular routes on the mountain. The first complete traverse of the Bezingi Wall was in 1931, by the Austrians K. Poppinger, K. Moldan, and S. Schintlmeister.


Ushba - Svaneti

Ushba - Svaneti

Ushba - is considered to be the most difficult ascend is registered among 100 most difficult peaks in the world.According to the local legend, the goddess of hunting, Dali had her abode in Ushba.it was on the slopes of Ushba that the hunter Betkil followed an aurochs and ren in to Dali. And later on for being deceived by him Dali took a revenge on him. She lured him into steep rocks and left him here. The hunter perished.The name of ushba is of svanian origin. ”Ush” maens a storm, a miracle , and “ba” means a mountain. In svanian it means a stormy , miracle – working mountain.
There is a very interesting and nice legend about the mountain peaks of Tetnuldi and Ushba. (Another mountain peak of the Caucasus). This two mountains are standing opposite one another, so they say that once upon a time they were loving couples, though they were not allowed to be together. After this Tetnuldi wished to turn into a mountain. Broken hearted and desperate Ushba bagged God to turn him into a mountain too, and at last it really turned into a gorgeous mountain. Now, when clouds are hanging over the mountain Ushba, it is explained as an expression of great sorrow, caused by the lost love.


Samegrelo

The area occupied by the historical Principality of Samegrelo has had numerous names throughout history, including Colchis, Egrisi, Lazika, Odishi, and Mingrelia. It is located in a region that for much of its history has been of great strategic importance, and where powerful empires ran up against one another and often did battle. As a result, it has witnessed repeated incursions of armies of Romans, Byzantines, Mongols, Turks, Persians, Russians, and others.
In antiquity, Samegrelo was a part of the Kingdom of Colchis, which encompassed much of what is today western Georgia. In Greek mythology, Colchis—which lay at the outermost edge of the world known to the Greeks until perhaps the seventh century BCE—was the land of the Golden Fleece sought by Jason and his Argonauts. The region was also known in pre-modern times as Lazika (after the Greek name for the tribes of western Georgia) and Egrisi (after a river that runs through it into the Black Sea). Its political center was Archeopolis (or Nokalakevi), near modern-day Senaki

The Romans conquered the region in the first century BCE, and dominated it for most of the next 400 years. In the fourth century, as the Roman Empire disintegrated in the West and its capital was moved to Constantinople, Lazika embraced Christianity and allied itself culturally with Rome’s successor, the Byzantine Empire, against the Persian Empire to the East.

Today, Samegrelo is well known for its warm, subtropical climate, which is on display in the forest- and marsh-covered Kolkhetian National Park, a favorite destination for bird watchers. Like other Georgian provinces, Samegrelo produces several types of wine, the most famous of which is ojaleshi—a red, naturally semi-sweet wine made from the grape variety of the same name.

Given its lively and long history, the region boasts many historical monuments and structures. This history is also on display in the Dadiani Palace Museum in Zugdidi, with its impressive collections of art and historical artifacts.


City of Poti - Samegrelo

City of Poti - Samegrelo

Poti is one of the ancient cities of Georgia. Territory-66 square kilometers. Population-50 thousand. The city is surrounded by lake Paliastomi from the East, the Balck Sea from the West and the river Rioni from the North. The history of the antic city Phazisi (present Poti) dates back to VI century BC. The city is famous for Argonauts voyage to the country of Golden Fleece, the myths of Medea and Jason, Phazisi Academy – of philosophy and rhetoric. Development of agriculture, metallurgy, ceramics and other field turned the antic city Phazisi into economic and trading centre of Colkheti and one of the most important sea port cities at the Black Sea. According to the ancient Greek historian Strabon, Phazisi was the place where one could meet people from different 60 tribes. In 1858 Poti city was declared as port city. With its history, convenient geographical location and economical success the port turned into a transport junction at the eastern coats of the Black Sea. Nowadays, the port turnover makes about 7 million tons per year. Priority fields for the economic development of the city are: cargo transportation, open and closed type storage terminals and facilities, fishing industry and tourism. In 2007 President of Georgia declared Poti City a Free Industrial Zone. Creation of a Free Industrial Zone will invoke population increase (about 2-3 times in 5-6 years), building new ports and freight turnover growth. In addition, investments attraction will significantly grow, that will lead to the city infrastructure development, building of new hotels, trading and recreation centers and etc.
In 90s of the last century near lake Paliastomi in Poti was a fish farm where sturgeons were successfully bred. At present this farm does not exist and its rehabilitation requires about 4-5 million USD investments. In 50-60s of the last century the city changed its image- new blocks of houses, medical, cultural and educational institutions were constructed. There are several state and private elementary, secondary, high schools and technical colleges institutes, folklore centre, exhibition hall, choreography studios, Kolkheti history and culture museum, sports groups in Poti with long term history and traditions. Kolkheti National Park which is on the city territory with its rare natural resources is the right place for tourism development. Poti has several sister cities: Ilychevsk, Ukraine, Lugansk, Ukraine, Lagrange, USA, Crestview, USA, Navphlion, Greece, Larnaka, Cyprus, Shavnei, China, Burgas, Bulgaria, Kaliningrad, Russia and these contacts numerous economic, cultural and educational programs have been realized. Nowadays, Poti-maritime gate of Georgia, is an important junction of the Europe-Caucasus-Asia transport corridor(TRACEKA).


Enguri HPP - Samegrelo

Enguri HPP - Samegrelo

Enguri HPP is built on the water course of the river Enguri, located underground with 1,093 milliard cub. meter water reservoir and is a hydro power plant of seasonal regulation. Its installed capacity is 1 300 (5X260) MW and average annual projected capacity is 3.8 milliard kW/h. The power plant was put into operation in 1978. Enguri HPP reservoir is located along the water stream of the river Enguri in 5 km distance, in a deep gorge, adjacent to settlement Jvari. The power plant is located in 15 km from the dam, on the territory of Gali region in the village Saberio.It is in a state possession.


Tsikhegoji - Samegrelo

Tsikhegoji - Samegrelo

Nokalakevi (Georgian: ნოქალაქევი, literally meaning: a place where a town was) is a village and archaeological site in Georgia; particularly, in Senaki, district of Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti region.
Roman and Byzantine historians knew the city as Archaeopolis, but in the later Georgian chronicles it is mentioned as Tsikhegoji, "the fortress of Kuji", for its eponymous and semi-legendary third-century BC founder.
Archaeological studies have demonstrated that the site was inhabited in the early 1st millennium BC. The settlement grew larger in the 5th-4th centuries BC. The majority of the visible structures were built between the 4th and 8th centuries AD when Archaeopolis functioned as the capital of Lazica. Remains of the original walls of a royal palace, acropolis, rich burials, bathes, and the early Christian churches can be seen running up the mountain and along the cliffs that border the Tekhura River. Rich collections of local and foreign coins found at the site indicate a high level of commercial ties with the neighbouring countries, specifically with the Byzantine Empire.


Dadiani Palace - Samegrelo

Dadiani Palace - Samegrelo

The treasury of west Georgia is located in the center of Zugdidi. Nowadays the palace became the state historical and ethnographical museum. Once it used to be the residence of Dadianis' Dynasty but in 1849 it became a museum. The owners of the palace were well educated people with interests in different fields. The representatives of the Dynasty were acquainted with world history, culture latest technical achievements. They were tightly involved in the social events.
During the centuries they were assisting Georgian artists, writers and representatives of culture. Prominent people were gathering in their residence and were delibarating on political, social and cultural issues.
The museum presents to its visitors 41 000 objects. Most of them are unique and invaluable examples of Georgian and foreign art, historic documents and golden and silver treasure.
Along with examples of the medieval period here you will find exhibits from ancient times (Stone, Paleolithic and Neolithic ages).
We should underline the Golden and Silver treasure from I and II centuries. A wonderful collection of Byzantian, Kolkhidian, Romanian, Russian, Polish and Hungarian coins makes visitors admire the people and their interests who used to live here.
Exclusive examples of the embossing made on the golden plates from 11th up to 19thcenturies request special attention. Handwritten religious books and official deeds made in 16-19 centuries are also extremely important.Here you will even find Rococo, Ampir and Bule furniture.
Napoleon Bonaparte's death mask made by his personal doctor Franchesko Antomark in 1833 is also kept in the museum.


Chikovani’s Church - Samegrelo

Chikovani’s Church - Samegrelo

To the north of the Catherdral there is a miniature stone church which is called Holy Christmas Cathedral or Church of Chikvanebi Off to the west there is a tall tower which was place of prayer and worship for many receive blessings from the mesveti monks as late as the beginning of the 20th century. It was built in the X century, but was rebuilt during feudal era. It is three storey church. There is an exit on the ground floor, which also plays the role of eukterion, there is a dome church on the second floor. Ekvtime Takaishvili was writing that this church was charming and it worse to go to Martvili, just to see it.